Dr. Armando García-Ortega

Armando García-Ortega

B.S. in Biology, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)
M.S. in Aquaculture, Ghent University, Belgium
Ph.D. Wageningen University & Research, The Netherlands

Scopus Author ID
6606352218 https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=6603652218
Google Scholar
Armando García-OrtegaHigh impact research with native fish published in leading scientific journals


  • AQUA 262 Intro Aquaculture (3)
  • AQUA 254 Nutrition of Aquatic Organisms (3)
  • AQUA 425 Water Qual & Aquatic Product (3)
  • AQUA 425L Water Qual & Aquatic Prod Lab (1)
  • AQUA 466 Fisheries Science (3)
  • AG 100 Intro to Agricultural Sciences (3)
  • AGEN 400 Aquaculture Engineering (4)

Aquaculture Students and Faculty at PACRCAQUA 262 Introduction to Aquaculture

ResearchGiant grouper (hapuʻupuʻu) broodstock

AQUA 352 LFarmed longfin yellowtail Seriola (kahala)

Fish LabLand-based Seriola cage harvesting

Research Interests

  • Land-based aquaculture production of local species of marine fish: ʻōpakapaka (pink snapper Pristipomoides filamentosus), kahala (longfin yellowtail Seriola rivoliana), hāpuʻupuʻu (giant grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus), ʻamaʻama (striped mullet Mugil cephalus)
  • Sustainable fish feed production and feeding protocols
  • Farming omnivorous and carnivorous fish with algae-based feeds using Spirulina, Schizochytrium, Haematococcus, and other alternative ingredients as yeast, bacteria and insect meals
  • Land-based integrated farming of marine fish and seaweeds in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS)

ResearchFeeding trial with striped mullet (ʻama ʻama) juveniles

ResearchŌpakapaka and ūkīkiki (gindai)

ResearchSpirulina-algae-soybean based fish feeds

ResearchTesting algae-based feeds in tilapia

Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

  • Parish, G.R., Rowbotham, I., Mendoza, N.E., Norton, A.G., Klinger, D.H., Dale, J.D., Hopkins, K.D., García-Ortega, A., Block, B.A., Farwell, C., Gardner, L.D. 2020. Energetic savings when switching from a whole-fish type diet to a commercial pelleted diet in California yellowtail (Seriola dorsalis). Aquaculture, 516: 734496. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0044848619308221
  • Perez-Velazquez, M., Gatlin III, D.M., González-Félix, M.L., García-Ortega, A., de Cruz, C.R., Juárez-Gómez, M.L., Chen, K. 2019. Effect of fishmeal and fish oil replacement by algal meals on biological performance and fatty acid profile of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops ♀ × M. saxatilis ♂). Aquaculture 507:83-90 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0044848618324700?via%3Dihub
  • González-Félix, M.L., Gatlin III, D.M., Perez-Velazquez, M., Webb, K., García-Ortega, A., Hume. M. 2018. Red drum Sciaenops ocellatus growth and expression of bile salt-dependent lipase in response to increasing dietary lipid supplementation. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 44:1319-1331 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10695-018-0523-z
  • Puello-Cruz, A., Ordoñez-Rosas, L., García-Ortega, A., Angulo-Escalante, M., Almazán-Rueda, P., Domínguez-Jiménez, P. 2018. Biochemical composition and evaluation of Jatropha curcas meal as a replacement for fish meal in diets of juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems, 21:273-282
  • Perez-Velazquez, M., Gatlin III, D.M., González-Félix, M.L., García-Ortega, A. 2018. Partial replacement of fishmeal and fish oil by algal meals in diets of red drum Sciaenops ocellatus. Aquaculture 487:41-50 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0044848617315132?via%3Dihub
  • García-Ortega, A., Kissinger, K.R., Trushenski, J.T. 2016. Evaluation of fish meal and fish oil replacement by soybean protein and algal meal from Schizochytrium limacinum in diets for giant grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus. Aquaculture 452:1-8 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S004484861530209X?via%3Dihub
  • Kissinger, K.R., García-Ortega, A., Trushenski, J.T. 2016. Partial fish meal replacement by soy protein concentrate, squid and algal meals in low fish-oil diets containing Schizochytrium limacinum for longfin yellowtail Seriola rivoliana. Aquaculture 452:37-44 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0044848615302118?via%3Dihub
  • García-Ortega, A., Martínez Steele, L., Sarnoski, P.J., Gonsalves, D., Wall, M.M. 2015. Use of biofuel by-products from green algae Desmochloris sp. and diatom Nannofrustulum sp. in diets for Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research, 1:144-154 https://doi.org/10.3153/jaefr15016
  • Puello-Cruz, A.C., Flores-Rojas, A.A., Almazán-Rueda, P., García-Ortega, A. 2015. Use of copepods during early feeding stages of spotted rose snapper larvae in a scale-up system. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 77:230-238 https://afspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15222055.2014.1000472
  • Núñez-Vázquez, E.J., García-Ortega, A., Campa-Cordova, A., Abdo de la Parra, I., Ibarra-Martínez, L., Heredia-Tapia, A., Ochoa, J.L. 2012. Toxicity of cultured bullseye puffer fish Sphoeroides annulatus. Marine Drugs, 10:329-339 https://doi.org/10.3390/md10020329
  • Galaviz, M.A., García-Ortega, A., Gisbert, E., López, M.L., García-Gasca, A. 2012. Expression and activity of trypsin and pepsin during larval development of the spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology-Part B: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 161:9-16 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S109649591100176X?via%3Dihub
  • García-Ortega, A., Verreth, J., Vermis, K., Nelis, H., Sorgeloos, P., Verstegen, M. 2010. Laboratory investigation of daily food intake and gut evacuation in larvae of African catfish Clarias gariepinus under different feeding conditions. Aquaculture International, 18:119-134 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10499-008-9230-6
  • Abdo-de la Parra, I., Rodríguez-Ibarra, E., Hernández, C., Hernández, K., González-Rodríguez, B., Martínez-Rodríguez, I., García-Ortega, A. 2010. Effect of dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and survival of juvenile spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, 45:433-439 http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-19572010000300008
  • Abdo-de la Parra, I., García-Ortega, A., Martínez-Rodríguez, I., González-Rodríguez, B., Velasco-Blanco, G., Hernández, C., Duncan, N. 2010. An intensive rearing protocol for larvae of the bullseye puffer, Sphoeroides annulatus (Jenyns). Aquaculture Research, 41:e554-e560 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2010.02536.x
  • García-Ortega, A. 2009. Nutrition and feeding research in spotted rose snapper (Lutjanus guttatus) and bullseye puffer (Sphoeroides annulatus), new species for marine aquaculture. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 36:69-80 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10695-008-9226-1
  • Focken, U., Schlechtriem, C., von Wuthenau, M., García-Ortega, A., Puello-Cruz, A., Becker, K. 2006. Panagrellus redivivus mass produced on solid media as live food for Litopenaeus vannamei larvae. Aquaculture Research, 37:1429-1436 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2006.01578.x
  • García-Gasca, A., Galaviz, M., Gutiérrez, J., García-Ortega, A. 2006. Development of the digestive tract, trypsin activity and gene expression in eggs and larvae of the bullseye puffer fish (Sphoeroides annulatus). Aquaculture, 251:366-376 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0044848605003613?via%3Dihub
  • García-Ortega, A., Abdo, I., Hernández, C. 2003. Weaning of bullseye puffer (Sphoeroides annulatus) larvae from live food to microparticulate diets made with decapsulated cysts of Artemia and fishmeal. Aquaculture International, 11:183-194 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1024100618838
  • García-Ortega, A., Huisman, E.A., Sorgeloos, P., Verreth, J. 2001. Evaluation of protein quality in microbound starter diets made with decapsulated cysts of Artemia and fishmeal for fish larvae. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 32:317-329 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1749-7345.2001.tb00455.x
  • García-Ortega, A., Verreth, J., Segner, H. 2000. Post-prandial protease activity in the digestive tract of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) larvae fed decapsulated cysts of Artemia. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 22:237-244 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1007893223006
  • García-Ortega, A., Verreth, J., Van Hoornyck, A., Segner, H. 2000. Heat treatment affects protein quality and protease activity in decapsulated cysts of Artemia when used as starter food for larvae of African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Aquaculture Nutrition, 6:25-31 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-2095.2000.00120.x
  • García-Ortega, A., Koussoulaki, A., Boer, H., Verreth, J. 2000. In vitro protein digestibility of Artemia decapsulated cysts and nauplii, and of microbound diets for larval fish. Aquaculture Research, 31:475-478 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-2109.2000.00461.x
  • García-Ortega, A., Verreth, J.A.J., Segner, H., Coutteau, P., Huisman, E.A. and Sorgeloos, P. 1998. Biochemical and enzymatic characterization of decapsulated cysts and nauplii of the brine shrimp Artemia at different developmental stages. Aquaculture, 161:501-514 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0044848697002974?via%3Dihub

Industry Outreach Books

Conference Proceedings

  • García-Ortega, A., Daw, A. and Hopkins, K. 2013. Feeding hatchery-produced larvae of the giant grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus. In: Rust, M., Olin, P., Bagwill, A., Fujitani, M. (eds). Proceedings of the 40th U.S.-Japan Aquaculture Panel Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, October 22-23, 2012. U.S. Dept. Commerce, NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-136, pp 36-43. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259558385_Feeding_hatchery-produced_larvae_of_the_giant_grouper_Epinephelus_lanceolatus
  • García-Ortega, A., Muy-Rangel, D., Puello-Cruz, A., Villa-López, Y., Escalante-Rojas, M. and Preciado-Iñiguez, K. 2010. Use of plant-derived ingredients as protein and lipid sources in practical feeds for carnivorous marine fish. In: Cruz Suárez E., Ricque D., Tapia-Salazar, M., Nieto-López, M., Villareal-Cavazos D., Gamboa-Delgado, J. (Eds.). Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Aquatic Nutrition, November 8-10, 2010. UANL, Monterrey, Mexico, pp. 321-340. (In Spanish). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233728729_Uso_de_ingredientes_de_origen_vegetal_como_fuentes_de_proteina_y_lipidos_en_alimentos_balanceados_para_peces_marinos_carnivoros
  • Puello-Cruz, A.C., González-Rodríguez, B. and García-Ortega, A. 2008. Research on production and use of copepods in marine larviculture. pp. 90-107. Eds: E. Cruz, D. Ricque, M. Tapia, M. Nieto, D. Villareal, J.P. Lazo, M.T. Viana. Proceedings of the IX International Symposium on Aquatic Nutrition. Nov. 24-27, 2008, Ensenada, México. (In Spanish).
  • García Ortega, A. 2007. Current state of research on the production of bullseye puffer fish Sphoeroides annulatus. In: González-Félix, M.L., Bringas-Alvarado, L., Pérez-Velázquez, M., Meza-García, S. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 3rd International Aquaculture Forum. Hermosillo, Mexico. Nov. 28-30, 2007. pp. 58-83. (In Spanish).
  • García-Ortega, A., Abdo, I., Duncan, N., Rodríguez, E., Velasco, G., González, B., Puello, A. and Martínez, I. 2005. Larval rearing of spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus under experimental conditions. In: C.I. Hendry, G. Van Stappen, M. Wille and P. Sorgeloos (Eds.) Larvi ’05- Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 36, Oostende, Belgium. pp. 172-175.
  • García-Ortega, A., Verreth, J., Vermis, K., Nelis, H.J., Sorgeloos, P. and Verstegen. M.W.A. 2005. Estimation of daily food intake and gut evacuation under different feeding conditions in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) larvae. In: C.I. Hendry, G. Van Stappen, M. Wille and P. Sorgeloos (Eds.). Larvi ’05- Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 36, Oostende, Belgium. pp. 176-179.
  • Lazo, J.P., Zacarias, M, Muguet, J.B., Vargas, D., Medina, C., García-Ortega, A., Conklin, D.E. and Piedrahita, R.H. 2005. Characterizing the digestive physiology of California halibut (Paralichthys californicus) larvae: towards developing suitable microdiets and weaning protocols. In: C.I. Hendry, G. Van Stappen, M. Wille and P. Sorgeloos (Eds.). Larvi ’05- Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 36, Oostende, Belgium. pp. 274-277.
  • García-Ortega, A. and Calvario Martínez, O. 2003. Importance of Good Aquaculture Practices to ensure food safety in rainbow trout farming. Proceedings of the II International Meeting on Trout Production, Quality and Food Safety, and Sustained Development. Autonomous University of Mexico State, Nov. 26-28, 2003. Toluca, Mexico. pp. 1-5. (In Spanish).
  • García-Ortega, A., Hernández, C., Abdo de la Parra, I. and González-Rodríguez, B. 2002. Advances in the nutrition and feeding of the bullseye puffer Sphoeroides annulatus. In: E. Cruz -Suárez, D. Ricque-Marie, M. Tapia-Salazar, G. Gaxiola-Cortés, N. Simoes, (Eds.). Proceedings of the VI International Symposium on Aquatic Nutrition. Sep. 3-6, 2002, Cancun, QR, Mexico. pp. 187-196.
  • García Ortega, A. and Abdo de la Parra, I. 2002. Nutrition and feeding in ornamental fish. Proceedings of the 6th National Meeting in Ornamental Fish. Mazatlan, Mexico. Oct. 3-5, 2002. pp. 1-19. (In Spanish).
  • García-Ortega, A., I. Abdo and Hernández, C. 2001. Weaning of Mexican bullseye puffer (Sphoeroides annulatus) larvae from Artemia nauplii to artificial microdiets. In: C.I. Hendry, G. van Stappen, M. Wille, P. Sorgeloos (Eds.). Larvi 2001- Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. European Aquaculture Society Special Publication No. 30. Ghent, Belgium. pp. 215-218.
  • Abdo-de la Parra, I., García-Ortega, A., Martínez, I., González, B., Velasco, G., Hernández, C. and Duncan, N. 2001. Larval rearing of the Mexican bullseye puffer Sphoeroides annulatus under hatchery conditions. In: C.I. Hendry, G. van Stappen, M. Wille, P. Sorgeloos (Eds.). Larvi 2001- Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. European Aquaculture Society Special Publication No. 30. Ghent, Belgium. pp. 4-7.
  • García-Ortega, A. 2000. Nutritional value of Artemia cysts and their use as protein source in artificial diets for fish larvae. In: L.E. Cruz -Suárez, D. Ricque-Marie, M. Tapia-Salazar, M.A. Olvera-Novoa, R. Civera-Cerecedo, (Eds.). Proceedings of the V International Symposium on Aquatic Nutrition. November 19-22, 2000, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico. pp. 287-299.

Professional Associations

Editor Scientific Journals

AQUA 352 Lab: scanning tagged fish

Contact Information