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Geoarchaeology Laboratory, UH Hilo

The Geoarchaeology Laboratory was founded in 2004through a Major Research Instrumentation Grant from the National Science Foundation (BCS-0317528), and specializes in non-destructive analyses of basalt and volcanic glass artifacts from the Pacific. It has been funded by 2 additional NSF grants (BCS-0949058 and BCS-1427950) to non-destructively analyze basalt artifacts in Museum Collections throughoutHawai╩╗i.

Peter Mills (left) and Steve Lundblad (right) sitting at the QuanX TM EDXRF spectrometer

Quarry Data

(with sources for samples or permissions):

Big Island:

K─źlauea Archaeological samples quarried from volcanic bombs surrounding Kilauea Caldera; courtesy of Jadelyn Moniz-Nakamura, NPS.

Maunakea Archaeological samples from 1970s Bishop Museum excavations, now on exhibit at ╩╗Imiloa Astronomy Center- See Mills et al. (2008). (NARS)

Polol┼ź Archaeological samples from 1970s UH Manoa surveys; courtesy of Jo Lynn Gunness, Mark Oxley.

Pu╩╗uwa╩╗awa╩╗a Archaeological samples, published in McCoy et. al (2011) Journal of Archaeological Science.

Maui:

Nu'u (archaeological samples, see Kahn et al. 2008)

Haleakala (geological samples from site 2510, courtesy of Melanie Mintmier, Elizabeth Gordon, NPS)

O╩╗ahu:

Waiahole (archaeological samples from UH M─ünoa, courtesy of Jo Lynn Gunness, see Cleghorn et al. 1985 A preliminary petrographic study of Hawaiian Stone Adze Quarries. Journal of the Polynesian Society 94(3):235-251).

Marquesas:

Eiao (Charleux et al. 2014)

Domestic Assemblages

Sample Submission

Please Mail samples to the attention of

Peter Mills , Dept of Anthropology, Social Sciences Division, UH Hilo, 200 W. Kawili Street, Hilo, HI 96720

We currently expend over $9000/year to maintain a service contract on the EDXRF spectrometer and must charge fees through a Research Corporation of the University of Hawai╩╗i (RCUH) revolving account for outside analyses to help cover these costs. For analyses not related to the current NSF Grant, our standard fee for clean basalt samples is $30/sample, but we regularly negotiate subsidized rates for large submissions and student research. Our philosophy is that it is in everyone's best interest to analyze large numbers of samples rather than to have researchers submit fewer samples due to tight budgets.

UH Hilo Geoarchaeology Publications

Articles:

Presentations:

  • *Bailey, Heather. 2013. EDXRF of basalt artifacts from Pu╩╗u Kehena, Leeward Kohala. 26th Annual Society for HawaiianArchaeology Conference, Oct 11-13, Bishop Museum, Honolulu, The Society for Hawaiian Arcaheology, p. 15.

  • Brandt, Lokelani, Lima, Pulama, Mills, Peter, Lundblad, Steven, and McElroy, Windy, 2012, Lawa Pono ╩╗o Halawa, (Halawa is adequately supplied): The ahupua╩╗a model demonstrated through stone tool economies of East Moloka╩╗i, Hawai╩╗i, Abstracts 25th Annual Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference, Kona, Hawai╩╗i, The Society for Hawaiian Arcaheology, p. 15.

  • Lundblad, Steven, Mills, Peter, Kaylor, Dane, and Mulliken, Katherine, 2012, Geochemical analysis of lithic collections from Lana╩╗i Island,Hawai╩╗i using EDXRF: Evidence for inter-island exchange of lithic material in Maui County, Hawai╩╗i, Abstracts 25th Annual Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference, Kona, Hawai╩╗i, The Society for Hawaiian Arcaheology, p. 20.

  • Mills, Peter R, and Lundblad, Steven P., 2012, Eight years and counting: A review of the EDXRF geochemical database from the UH Hilo Geoarchaeology Lab, Abstracts 25th Annual Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference, Kona, Hawai╩╗i, The Society for Hawaiian Arcaheology, p. 19.

  • Mulliken, Katherine, Lundblad, Steven P., and Mills, Peter R., 2012, Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) analysis of volcanic glass fromHawai╩╗i Volcanoes National Park,Hawai╩╗i Island, Abstracts 25th Annual Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference, Kona, Hawai╩╗i, The Society for Hawaiian Arcaheology, p. 20.

  • Kaylor Dane, Lundblad, Steven, Mills, Peter, Mulliken, Katherine, 2012, Geochemical analysis of lithic collections from Lana╩╗i Island,Hawai╩╗i using EDXRF: A model for assessing museum collections in remote locations, _Abstracts, 8th International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific, Living in Changing Island Environment_s, p. 31.

  • Lundblad, Steven, Mills, Peter, Kahn, Jennifer, Mulliken, Katherine, and Kaylor, Dane, 2012, EDXRF analysis of H-3 highway project lithics: Implications for settlement patterns and exchange across O‘ahu, Hawai╩╗i, Abstracts, 8th International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific, Living in Changing Island Environments, p. 31.

  • Mills, Peter R., and Lundblad, Steven P., 2012, The power of plenty: Contributions of EDXRF in building regional economic models of lithic procurement in Hawai╩╗i, Abstracts, 8th International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific, Living in Changing Island Environments, p. 31.

  • Katherine Mulliken and Alexis Manning. Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) Analysis of basaltic abraders from Leeward Hawai╩╗i Island. ┬á2011 Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference.

  • U╩╗ilani Macabio. Geochemical Analysis of Ahu a ╩╗Umi Basalt and Volcanic Glass. 2010 Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference.

  • Charles Feeley. The Contribution of Non-Destructive Geochemical analysis to Museum Collections: an example from the Lyman Museum Collections. ┬á2009 Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference.

  • Tanya Souza. Stone Adzes of the Waimea Plain. 2008 Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference.

  • Jacob Smith. Geochemistry of the Mauna Kea Adze Quarry Complex, 2008, Geol 494 Seminar.

  • Rachel Hunt. 2008, Soil Arsenic in Hawai╩╗i, Geol 495 Seminar

  • Mark Oxley. Pre-Contact Basalt Utilization of Pololu Valley, Hawai╩╗i: Results of Recent EDXRF Analysis. 2007 Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference.

  • Sarah Jones, 2007, Evaluation of Honokane Achaeological Artifacts, Geol 495 Seminar

  • Mark Oxley et al.┬á Changing Aspects of Basalt Distribution and Agricultural Production in Pololu Valley. ┬á2006 Society for Hawaiian Archaeology Conference.

  • Jenelle Peacock, 2005, Preliminary analysis of archeologic artifacts from Kahalu╩╗u rockshelter, Kona District, Hawai╩╗i, Geol 495 Seminar

  • Serena Williamson, 2004, Source Rock Geochemistry using EDXRF, Ka╩╗awali╩╗i Gulch, Hamakua Coast, Geol. 495 Seminar.