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kumu Pukui-Elbert, Haw to Eng,

1. n., Bottom, base, foundation, basis, title (as to land), main stalk of a tree, trunk, handle, root (in arithmetic); basic; hereditary, fundamental.

  • Examples:
    • Mai ke kumu ā ka wēlau, from trunk to tip [all, entirely].
  • References:

2. n., Teacher, tutor, manual, primer, model, pattern.

3. n., Beginning, source, origin; starting point of plaiting.

4. n., Reason, cause, goal, justification, motive, grounds, purpose, object, why.

  • Examples:
    • Kumu no ka ʻoki male, grounds for divorce.
    • Kumu ʻole, without reason or cause.
    • He aha ke kumu i ʻeha ai kou wāwae? What is the reason for your foot hurting?

5. n., An article bought, sold or exchanged; price.

  • Examples:
    • Kumu lilo, price paid, cost.
    • Kumu loaʻa, selling price.
  • References:

6. n., Herd, flock.

7. n., Tenon (RSV), socket (KJV).

  • References:
    • Puk. 26.19.

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kumu Māmaka Kaiao, Haw to Eng,

kikino, Cause.

  • Source:
    • Existing dictionary word
  • References:
    • See other entries for kumu and hopena.

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kumu Māmaka Kaiao, Haw to Eng,

kikino, End of a sporting field or court.

  • Source:
    • Existing dictionary word, Extended meaning
  • References:

Tags: sports

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kumu Māmaka Kaiao, Haw to Eng,

Tags: math

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kumu Andrews, Haw to Eng / KU-MU /,

1. s., The bottom or foundation of a thing, as the bottom of a tree or plant, but not the roots; as, kumu laau, the bottom of a tree; kumu maia, banana stumps for planting; the stump of a tree; the stalk or stem of plants; the but end of a log, &c.; hence,

2. s., The beginning of a thing, as work or business.

3. s., The foundation, that is, the producing cause.

4. s., An example; a pattern; a copy; kumu hoohalike, a pattern; a model. Puk. 25:9. A socket. Puk. 26:19.

5. s., A fountain of water.

6. s., The price of a thing, or the property to be given for a valuable.

7. s., The property to be paid for hire. NOTE.—Formerly all trade among Hawaiians consisted of barter, and the price of a thing was not a cash price, but one article became the kumu of another if it could be exchanged for it.

8. s., A shoal of fish; a flock; a herd; kumu puaa, a herd of swine; kumu hipa, a flock of sheep.

9. s., Civil power; legal authority. NOTE. The word mana, out of its ancient and legitimate meaning, has lately been used for power or legal authority.

10. s., A teacher; an instructor from the highest to the lowest class, including the ministers of religion.

(11. s., A cough; a hard breathing; a pestilence; he mai ahulau, he mai kumu, he aheahe; this is a vicious pronunciation for kunu. See KUNU.) Kumu ole, without cause. Ioan. 15:25. Kumu mua, elements of things. 2 Pet. 3:10.

12. s., A species of fish of a red color, forbidden to women to eat by the ancient kapus.

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kumu Andrews, Haw to Eng / KU-MU /,

1. v., To begin or commence a work; to make an experiment.

2. Hookumu. v., To found; to lay a foundation.

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kumu Parker, Haw to Eng / kŭ'-mu /,

1. n., The bottom or foundation of a thing, as the bottom of a tree or plant, but not the roots; as, kumu laau, the bottom of a tree; kumu maia, banana stumps for planting; the stump of a tree; the stalk or stem of plants; the butt end of a log, etc.; hence,

2. n., The beginning of a thing, as work or business.

3. n., The foundation, that is, the producing business.

4. n., Teacher.

5. n., Pattern; a model.

6. n., A first cause; origin; place of beginning; fountain head.

7. n., An article of traffic by exchange. (Formerly all trade among Hawaiians consisted of barter, and the price of a thing was not a cash price, but one article became the kumu of another if it could be exchanged for it.)

8. n., A great multitude in a common herd, as: kumu puaa, herd of swine.

9. n., That part of an instrument which when used is held in the hand.

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kumu Parker, Haw to Eng / ku-mū' /,

n., A variety of goat fish (Pseudupeneus porphyreus)—Color, rich rosy red on back and top of head; paler on side with broken marks along center of scales. Formerly forbidden to women to eat.

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kumu Parker, Haw to Eng / kū'-mu /,

v., See hookumu.

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Kumu Parker, Haw to Eng / ku'-mu /,

foundation. Land section, Kau, Hawaii.

Tags: geography Hawaiʻi

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Kumu Place Names of Hawaiʻi,

Site of a spring near Kūkūau, Hilo, Hawaiʻi. Children enjoyed diving and swimming here, but it is now filled in. Literally, source.

Tags: Hawaiʻi

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Kumu Hawaiʻi Place Names,

Cove, surf site, Waimānalo, Oʻahu. At the north end of Kaupō Beach Park. This small bay was once a good spearfishing site for kumu and other reef fish. Also known as Baby Makapuʻu, The Bay. Literally, red goatfish.

Tags: Oʻahu

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