is the sign of the imperative mood, And generally of the infinitive also, though after hiki and pono the e of the infinitive is changed into ke. Gram. § 191 and 193. E is also the sign of the future tense. Gram. § 190, 1.
following either active, passive or neuter verbs signifies before hand, and serves to mark a kind of second future tense of the verb; as, lohe e au, I heard before; hiki e mai oia, he had arrived first. Gram. § 190, 2d.
is used also to call or invite attention to what one is about to say; a contraction, perhaps of ea. NOTE.—E is mostly used at the beginning of an address, and ea in the middle, or if a single sentence, only at the end.
preposition, By. As a preposition, it is mostly used after passive verbs to express the agent; as, ua ahewaia oia e ke alii, he was condemned by the chief. Many verbs have no sign of a passive voice, the construction of the sentence alone determines it, and the e thus situated helps determine the point as much as anything; nui loa hoi ka poe daimonio i mahiki aku e ia. Gram. § 105,11.
the second letter of the Hawaiian alphabet. It represents the sound of the long slender a in English, or its sound is like that of e in obey. It is sometimes commuted for a, as in the numericals from elua, alua, to eiwa, aiwa; also in alelo, the tongue, elelo; mahana, warm, mehana. In an unaccented syllable at the end of a word, its sound is similar to that of the English y, as ope, opy; mahope, mahopy, &c.
The second letter of the Hawaiian alphabet. In the cardinal numbers from one to nine, E and A are often used interchangeably, depending upon whether the numerals are used attributively or predicatively, as: elua lio ou, alua ou lio. In certain words prefixed by the particles a or ma, e is often substituted for a: as, elelo for alelo (tongue); mehana for mahana (warmth).