- 1. Canal, Kailua, Oʻahu. Long canal in Kailua that connects Kawainui Marsh to the ocean at Kapoho Point, the north point of Kailua Bay.
- 2. Marsh (830 acres), Kailua, Oʻahu. Important historical site, wildlife refuge, and flood basin for Maunawili, Kahanaiki, and Kapaʻa Streams. The marsh drains into the ocean at the north end of Kailua Beach through Kawainui Canal. It attracts migratory seabirds and is home to four species of endangered waterbirds: the Hawaiian stilt (aeʻo), the Hawaiian coot (ʻalae keʻokeʻo), the Hawaiian gallinule (ʻalaeʻula), and the Hawaiian duck (kōloa maoli). The marsh sits in a basin that is the center of the former Koʻolau volcano caldera. A thick mat of floating vegetation covers approximately three-quarters of its acreage.
Literally, the large [flow of] fresh water.
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