Kīlauea and Maunaloa are both active volcanoes. Lava flows from these volcanoes originate at the summits and rift zones, and flow downhill. In 1960, the East Rift Zone of Kīlauea erupted adjacent to the town of Kapoho, wiping out virtually the entire town. Fred Rackle filmed the eruption.
In 2018, the East Rift Zone of Kīlauea again erupted, this time starting in the Leilani Estates subdivision, and consumed many families’ homes in the region.