College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resource Management (CAFNRM)

This is content from the Catalog 2019–2020 back issue. Please visit the current catalog for current information.

For information, please contact:

Office of the Dean
Business Office-121
Tel: (808) 932-7691
Fax: (808) 932-7037


Student Services Building E-101
Tel: (808) 932-7446
Fax: (808) 932-7459

Professor Emeritus:

  • Fujii, Jack K., Ph.D., Entomology
  • Furutani, Sheldon, Ph.D., Plant Science
  • Sakai, William, Ph.D., Horticulture
  • Tanabe, Michael, Ph.D., Plant Science
  • Tsang Mui Chung, Marcel, Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering & Mechanization


Associate Professors:

Assistant Professor:


The purpose of the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resource Management (CAFNRM) is to provide quality education to assist individuals in acquiring the scientific knowledge, attitudes, and practical skills needed to practice environmentally sound, sustainable agriculture and to be productive and responsible global citizens. The program blends comprehensive classroom instruction with practical, technology-based education through use of the University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo Agricultural Farm Laboratory and on-campus laboratory facilities. CAFNRM graduates skilled agriculturalists who can further develop and promote agriculture in the State of Hawaiʻi, the United States, the Pacific Basin, and other countries. The College is especially interested in moving agriculture in the tropical and semitropical areas of the Pacific Basin toward more economical and self-sustaining methods.

Goals for Student Learning

A student upon graduating from the College should have acquired the following knowledge, skills, and attitudes:


  • Scientific principles on which agriculture is based
  • Understanding the application of state-of-the-art techniques, processes, and concepts of environmentally sound agriculture, particularly in tropical and sub-tropical climates, in fields selected from:
    • tropical crops (ornamental plants, orchids, fruits and nuts, and vegetables)
    • aquaculture
    • livestock management (sheep, goats, cattle, swine, and horses)
    • forestry
    • natural resource management
  • Ability to develop and adopt innovative approaches to the production, post production, and marketing aspects of agriculture
  • An understanding of the role of agriculture in the changing geophysical, economic, and sociocultural world environment
  • An understanding of the central role food production plays in supporting sustainable communities


  • Ability to use existing technology for professional purposes
  • Proficiency with computer applications and Internet resources, including word processing, data management, presentation software, email communication, and Web information sources
  • Effective written and oral communication skills as required for professional objectives
  • Mathematical skills required for professional purposes
  • Analytic, critical thinking, and problem solving adeptness
  • Job finding skills
  • Ability to grow food, feed, fiber, and ornamentals in a sustainable, cost-efficient manner

Attitudes and Values

  • Aloha ʻaina: the commitment to stewardship of natural and agricultural resources
  • Aloha, Kokua, ʻOhana, and Laulima: the commitment to work with others to improve agriculture and to benefit the community.

Learning Outcomes for Bachelor of Science in Agriculture 1

Learning Outcome 1: Acquire, integrate, and apply knowledge of science and technology to managed agricultural systems

  • Goal 1. Use multiple sources, including current and older literature, to find, evaluate, organize and manage information related to diverse agricultural systems.
  • Goal 2. Demonstrate competence with both laboratory and field-based techniques used in modern agricultural systems.
  • Goal 3. Understand how global issues including climate change, energy use, chemical use, water availability and food safety impact sustainability of agricultural systems.

Learning Outcome 2: Synthesize and demonstrate interdisciplinary knowledge and competence in managing and improving crop and (or) animal production systems

  • Goal 1. Apply concepts of biology, chemistry, nutrition, pest control, diseases, ecology and genetics to manage and improve plants and (or) animal systems and their products
  • Goal 2. Anticipate and recognize problems and make recommendations for addressing the problems using appropriate techniques and skills.
  • Goal 3. Develop, identify and employ best management practices that lead to sustainable solutions and outcomes.
  • Goal 4. Apply principles of business, marketing and management to an agricultural enterprise in developing the various components of a business plan.

Learning Outcome 3: Appreciate and communicate the diverse impacts of agriculture on people

  • Goal 1: Communicate effectively with various audiences using oral, written, and visual presentation skills, and contemporary networking/social media technologies.
  • Goal 2: Describe and assess the influence of plant and (or) animal production systems and its management on environmental sustainability and resilience.

Learning Outcome 4: Demonstrate professionalism and proficiency in skills that relate to agriculture

  • Goal 1: Demonstrate leadership and professionalism, and the ability to collaborate and work in teams
  • Goal 2. Plan, engage, and learn from actions that demonstrate civic responsibility to community and society.

1 The terms “agriculture” and “agricultural” as used herein include aquaculture.

Note: More specific goals for the different specialties will be listed in the class syllabi.

Special Aspects of the College

College Facilities

A unique feature of the College is the University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo Agricultural Farm Laboratory. On 110 acres of land, students can experience practical learning in various enterprises such as: anthuriums, ornamental foliage, hydroponics, floriculture plants, orchids, forestry, vegetables, sustainable agriculture (including integrated nutrient and pest management principles), livestock production, beekeeping, tropical fruit, and aquaculture. Because direct application of newly gained knowledge is an integral part of the College’s educational goals, many laboratories and courses are based on the farm.

On campus, the CAFNRM building provides laboratories for many of the courses in horticulture, plant tissue culture, animal science, entomology, plant pathology, plant physiology, and agribusiness. Students can also utilize the laboratories and campus greenhouses for special projects in directed research courses. Additional laboratory facilities for agronomy, aquaculture, natural resources, and soil science are located beachfront at the Pacific Aquaculture and Coastal Resources Center. Hilo’s location in the center of a large farming community provides opportunities for field trips to many diversified agricultural and aquaculture enterprises.

The farm also houses the developing pastures, equine arena, and covered pavilion for courses, flower shows, and community related events.

Note: Shoes or boots are required in certain laboratory classes. In addition, suitable eye protection may be required in certain laboratory classes.

CAFNRM Agriculture Students Organization

This organization is open to every student who joins CAFNRM. Students are expected to help in maintaining a collegial atmosphere that is nurturing and enables the growth of the CAFNRM ʻohana. Through Organization activities, students make life-long friendships, learn business and management skills, participate in group activities, foster collegiality and civility, and bring respect for the agricultural, forestry and natural science disciplines and the issues that surround them.


The College offers the Bachelor of Science degree (B.S.) in these areas of specialization:

  • Animal Science: Livestock Production
  • Animal Science: Pre-Veterinary
  • Aquaculture
  • Tropical Horticulture
  • Tropical Plant Science and Agroecology

Full descriptions of the specialties are linked below. Please be aware that in order to provide students a well-balanced education, a good portion of a typical curriculum consists of College of Arts and Sciences and College of Natural and Health Sciences courses in addition to CAFNRM courses. Types of courses offered by CAFNRM are as follows:

  • Agriculture (AG): Provides a broad preparation in the basic and applied sciences of modern agriculture.
  • Agribusiness (AGBU): Provides a strong background in the business aspect of agriculture, including management, sales and distribution.
  • Agricultural Economics (AGEC): Provides an understanding of economic theory and economic policy and efficient management with limited economic resources in the production of food and fiber.
  • Agricultural Engineering (AGEN): Provides basic mechanical skills and engineering principles required for the student to be successful in modern agricultural enterprises.
  • Agronomy (AGRN): Provides the theory and practice of field-crop (food, fiber and feed) production and soil management.
  • Animal Science (ANSC): Provides a wide variety of courses that integrate genetics, health, housing, management, nutrition, physiology, reproduction and evaluation of livestock.
  • Aquaculture (AQUA): Provides a broad understanding of the scientific basis, design and management of aquaculture systems and fisheries.
  • Entomology (ENTO): Provides basic knowledge on insects and their habitats as well as how to control insect pests.
  • Forestry (FOR): Provides the background for the development and management of forestry and agroforestry, ecology, conservation and product utilization
  • Horticulture (HORT): Provides an extensive base of horticultural practices such as grafting and pruning, the cultivation of fresh produce (fruits and vegetables), herbal, and ornamental crops that are of economic interest in the tropics and subtropics, as well as advanced techniques such as hydroponics, plant tissue culture, and hormonal manipulation of plants.
  • Natural Resources (NRES): Provides a multi-disciplinary systems approach to understanding and managing the environmental resources of island ecosystems, and their relevance to coastal zones in general.
  • Plant Pathology (PPTH): Provides the understanding and management of plant disease, the mechanisms by which pathogens produce disease, and the interactions between pathogens and host.
  • Plant Physiology (PPHY): Provides the understanding of plant growth and development.
  • Soil Science (SOIL): Provides the background for the properties of soil and soil management, with an emphasis on the role soils play in environmental studies as well as agriculture.

In order to earn a Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture, students must not only fulfill the requirements for the major but also meet all of the University’s other baccalaureate degree requirements. (Please see the Baccalaureate Degree Requirements.) Students wishing to make timely progress toward graduation are urged to pay careful attention to all degree requirements. In addition, when planning a schedule of courses, it is imperative to be aware of course prerequisites and the frequency with which courses are offered. See CAFNRM Courses below for course information.

To assist students in planning their schedules, CAFRNM posts curriculum sheets on its website. In addition to using these guides, students are strongly encouraged to meet with their advisor each semester before registering.