## Undergraduate

Analysis* | Calculations* | Visual Representations of Data and Information | Scientific Methodology | |
---|---|---|---|---|

4 (Advanced) |
Demonstrates advanced reasoning based on quantifiable information; judgments and conclusions are exceptionally insightful |
• Accurately completes calculations for the assignment and presents results clearly and concisely • Chooses appropriate formulas or symbolic models to solve problems and justify choices |
Produces highly effective visual representations of data (e.g. tables) or concepts (e.g. graphs) tables) or concepts (e.g. graphs) |
• Skillfully and precisely engages in the 6 steps needed in undertaking a science-based approach to gathering and interpreting evidence 1. Identify problem 2. Formulate a hypothesis 3. Design a project to test hypothesis 4. Collect data 5. Analyze data 6. Draw conclusions based on data • Exhibits highly accurate and exhaustive analysis of data • Produces work that contributes to the field |

3 (Competent) |
Demonstrates competent reasoning based on quantifiable information; judgments and conclusions are adequate and reasonable |
Calculations are completed and largely successful • Chooses appropriate formulas or symbolic models to solve problems and justify choices |
Produces competent visual representations of data |
Engages in all 6 steps needed in undertaking a science-based approach to gathering and interpreting data • Produces an analysis of data • Produces work that meets the requirements of the assignments/course |

2 (Emerging) |
Demonstrates emerging reasoning based on quantifiable information as exhibited by difficulty in formulating judgments or drawing conclusions |
Calculations contain multiple errors • May not choose the most appropriate or effective formula • May exhibit some problems justifying choices |
Visual representations may reflect minor flaws or inaccuracies |
Engages in the 6 steps but may exhibit problems with a few • Analysis of data may reflect minor inaccuracies of observation • Work may not fully satisfy the requirements of the assignment/course |

1 (Beginning) |
Demonstrates beginning reasoning based on quantifiable information as exhibited by difficulty understanding what constitutes quantifiable information, inability to formulate reasonable judgments and/or drawing reasonable conclusions. |
Calculations may be unsuccessful or incomplete • Does not appear to understand the parameters of the appropriate formula • Is unable to select the right formula for the problem (decision-making unclear) |
The method for visually presenting information or concepts is highly inaccurate or imprecise |
Exhibits problems in many if not most of the steps required for the scientific process • Analysis of data is incomplete, inaccurate, or absent • Work does not satisfy the requirements of the assignment/course |