Catalog 2014–2015

B.A. in Biology

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Group 1. General Education Basic, Area, and Integrative Requirements in effect Fall 2011

Students may choose to graduate under the General Education Basic, Area, and Integrative requirements and graduation requirements in force at the time they entered the UH System, when they entered UH Hilo, or when they graduate, provided there is no break in enrollment lasting longer than one semester.

Students should meet with their academic advisor to ensure that they enroll in courses that will enable them to meet these requirements as well as requirements for the major and for graduation. Some courses may meet both General Education requirements and major requirements.

The new GE basic, core, and integrative requirements and lists of certified courses are posted at

Group 2. Major Requirements (and Assigned Credits)

  1. Required courses from Biology 
  • BIOL 175–175L Introduction to Biology I with Lab (4)
  • BIOL 176–176L Introduction to Biology II with Lab (4)
  • BIOL 270–270L Intermediate Cell and Molecular Biology with Lab (4)
  • BIOL 280 Biostatistics (3)
  • BIOL 281-281L General Ecology with Lab (5)
  • BIOL 357 Evolution (3)
  • BIOL 375 Biology of Microorganisms (3)
  • BIOL 495A–495B Seminar (2 semesters) (2)
  • Four additional 300 or 400 level Biology elective courses (12)
  • And two additional 300 or 400 level Biology elective laboratory courses (3-4), at least one of which must be 400 level
  1. Required courses from related fields

  • CHEM 124–124L General Chemistry I with Lab (4)
  • CHEM 125–125L General Chemistry II with Lab (4)
  • CHEM 241–241L and CHEM 242–242L Organic Chemistry I-II with Lab (8)
  • ENG 225 Writing for Science & Technology, or ENG 286A Intro to Fiction Writing, or ENG 287 Introduction to Rhetoric, or PHIL 316 Science, Technology and Society, or PHIL 327 Bioethics (3)
  • PHYS 106–170L, 107–171L College Physics I-II with Lab (8) or PHYS 170–170L, 171–171L General Physics I-II with Lab (10)
  • MATH 115 Applied Calculus (3) or MATH 205 Calculus I (4)

       3. Electives: 4 Courses from Group 1, and 2 Courses
          from Group 2

  • BIOL 381 Conservation Biology (3)
  • BIOL 410 Biochemistry (3)
  • BIOL 415 Cell Biology (3)
  • BIOL 443 Ecological Animal Physiology (3)
  • BIOL 445 Behavioral Ecology & Evolution (3)
  • BIOL 455 Plant Ecology (3)
  • BIOL 460 Plant Diversity & Evolution (3)
  • BIOL 466 Genetics (3)
  • BIOL 467 Ecological Genetics (3)
  • BIOL 437 Marine Mammal Behavior (3)
  • BIOL 477 Avian Biology (3)
  • BIOL 481 Advanced Ecology and Evolution (3)
  • BIOL 394 or 494 Special Topics in Subject Matter (Arr.) (IO)
  • Group 2 Electives: Choose 2 courses from the following BIOL laboratory courses, 1 of which must be 400-level (3-4)
  • BIOL 357L Evolutionary Genetics Lab (1)
  • BIOL 375L Biology of Microorganisms Lab (1)
  • BIOL 410L Biochemistry Lab (2)
  • BIOL 415L Cell Biology (2)
  • BIOL 466L Genetics Lab (2)
  • BIOL 481L Ecology & Evolutn Resrch Methd (2)

Group 2 Total: 73-77 Semester Credits

Total Minimum Semester Hours Required for the B.A. in Biology

120 Semester Hours

Additional Courses Recommended For Specific Plans After Graduation

  • Graduate studies in biology: At least two semesters of Directed Studies (BIOL 199, 299, 399, or 499).
  • Application to medical, pharmacy, dental, veterinary school or other health-related fields: At least one semester of Directed Studies (BIOL 199, 299, 399, or 499) and participation in volunteer and shadowing experiences in the local medical, pharmacy, dental, or veterinary community as appropriate. As prerequisite courses for professional schools may vary, students should seek advising early in their academic careers to develop an academic plan.
  • Careers that may include teaching: one or more semesters of Teaching Assistance and Tutoring in Biology (BIOL 496).
  • Careers in environmental biology: a course in geographic information systems (GEOG 480 or GEOL 445).


  1. BIOL 101 and BIOL 101L are non-major courses and do not count toward the major or minor in Biology.
  2. 100-level courses should be completed by the student prior to enrollment in 200-level or higher courses.
  3. Biology 175 and 176 are offered every semester, and can be taken in either order. Also for BIOL 175 and BIOL 176, the lab section must be taken concurrently with the lecture.
  4. Students should begin chemistry course their freshmen year if they plan to complete their academic program in four years. Chemistry courses are often prerequisites for required biology classes.
  5. Students must earn a minimum grade of "C-" in all required and prerequistite courses.
  6. The upper division credits needed for graduation for all degrees in Biology are met in the process of completing these degrees.
  7. To earn a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree in Biology, students must fulfill the requirements for the major and meet all of the University's other baccalareate degree requirements. (Please see the Baccalaureate Degree Requirements in this catalog.)
  8. Many upper-level Biology courses are writing intensive and therefore offer the ability for students to complete that university requirement. In these courses students write a series of laboratory reports demonstrating their ability to perform experiments and to organize, analyze, and interpret the quantitative results of experimental work.
  9. Students should always check course prerequisites and the frequency with which courses are offered.
  10. To ensure progress toward degree completion, students are strongly encouraged to meet with an advisor each semester before registering.
  11. Students completing the B.S. in Cell and Molecular Biology can choose to take one additional 4-credit upper-division CHEM course (300 or above) to receive a Chemistry Minor.

    Revised 6/30/14 ckw