Grammar Course Outcomes

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Listed below are the skills students should master by the end of each course. Please contact the ELI Director, Julie Mowrer, at jmowrer@hawaii.edu, if you have questions.

Expected Student Learning Outcomes

ESL 082 - English Grammar, Advanced

At the 082 advanced level, students will be able to:

A. Produce the following that express

  1. Cause and Effect, using
    a. Simple, compound, and complex sentences
    b. Prepositions and transitions that show cause and effect
    c. Present and future real and unreal conditionals; common phrases with unless and if
    d. -ing participle phrases that show cause and effect
  2. Comparison and Contrast, using
    a. Restrictive relative clauses
    b. Relative clauses reduced to noun phrases
    c. Parallel structure
    d. Common quantifiers
    e. Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs
    f. Articles
    g. Expressions that show similarity
    h. Adverb clauses and transitions that express contrast and concession
  3. Problem-Solution, using
    a. Present perfect and present perfect progressive
    b. Common noun phrases
    c. Adverb clauses and phrases with As
    d. Adverb clauses of Purpose and Infinitives of Purpose
    e. Adverb clauses reduced to phrases
    f. It constructions
    g. Transition words to indicate steps of a solution
  4. Summary-Response, using
    a. Past unreal conditionals
  5. Persuasion, using
    a. Non-restrictive relative clauses in persuasive writing
    b. Phrases that limit overgeneralization
    c. Noun clauses with wh- words and if/whether
    d. Phrases for Argumentation
    e. Future actions

B. Monitor and correct errors in speaking and writing using the above structures

C. Comprehend, in listening and reading, all 12 verb tenses, with 80% accuracy at the advanced level.

ESL 072 - English Grammar, High-Intermediate

At the 072 high-intermediate level, students will be able to:

A. Understand and use grammar terminology

B. Identify, comprehend in listening and reading, use in speaking and writing, and edit the following grammatical structures with 80% accuracy at the high-intermediate level:

  1. Simple Present, Simple Past, and Present Perfect Tenses
  2. Social modals and modals of probability
  3. Count- and noncount nouns; articles; basic quantifiers
  4. Gerunds and Infinitives
  5. Noun clauses beginning with that, wh-, and if/whether, direct and indirect questions
  6. Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
  7. The Passive: Active vs. passive; verbs and objects with the passive; reasons for using passive
  8. Relative Clauses: Subject relative clauses; object relative clauses; With where and when
  9. Conditionals: Real present and future; Unreal present, future and past
  10. Sentence Connectors: Conjunctions, Adverb Clauses and Subordinators

C. Identify and comprehend in listening and reading, all 12 verb tenses with 80% accuracy at the high-intermediate level

ESL 062 - English Grammar, Intermediate

At the 062 intermediate level, students will be able to:

A.  Recognize and use grammar terminology

B.  Identify, comprehend in listening and reading, use in speaking and writing, and edit the following grammatical structures with 80% accuracy at the intermediate level:

  1. Simple Present Tense, Present Time Clauses, and Factual Conditionals
  2. Simple Past Tense; Past Time Clauses;  Used To and Would
  3. Nouns, Determiners, Articles, Pronouns: Count- vs. Noncount Nouns
  4. Present Perfect Tense
  5. Adjectives; Adverbs of Manner and Degree; Prepositions
  6. Future Forms; Future Time Clauses;  Future Conditionals
  7. Modals:  Expressing ability, permission, requests, offers, advice and suggestions
  8. Verbs + Prepositions and Phrasal Verbs; Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  9. Comparatives and Superlatives
  10. Compound Sentences and Coordinating Conjunctions
  11. Parallel Structure
  12. Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives

C.  Comprehend, in listening and reading, the following grammatical structures, with 80% accuracy at the intermediate level

  1. Present Progressive Tense; Simple Present and Present Progressive together
  2. Past Progressive, Time Clauses with Past Progressives; Simple Past and Past Progressive together
  3. Present Perfect Progressive; Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive together